F89 Schellaster Panel Van
From 1949 to 1962, DKW produced a small van of a monospace (or one-box) design with its front wheels set forward of the passenger cabin, a short, sloping aerodynamic hood, front wheel drive, transverse engine, flat load floor throughout with flexible seating and cargo accommodations — in effect a precursor to the modern minivan, a configuration later popularized in such notable examples as the Renault Espace and Chrysler Voyager/Caravan minivans. The DKW - "speed truck" was the first model of Auto Union to be produced after the second World War, and the first to be produced from the new Auto Union headquarters in Ingolstadt.
The van included a trailing-arm rear suspension system incorporating springs in the cross bar assembly. It had front-wheel drive and a frame made of profiled tubes and for the time "advanced" forward cabin design, although these were seen in pre-war models. The modern layout featured a prewar two-cylinder 700 cc F8 engine rated at 20 hp (22 hp after 1952). In 1955 the van received the F9's three cylinder unit with 900 cc, producing 32 hp (24 kW).
The van's layout enabled a floor 40 cm (16 in) off the ground. It was also fitted with a large single rear door fitted to hinges on the right-hand side.
The van was also produced in Vitoria, Spain, by Industrias del Motor S.A. (IMOSA) from 1954. DKW (pronounced "de-ca-uve") became a common term for any van, and is still used today. The Spanish subsidiary also produced a modern successor, introduced in 1963 and called DKW F 1000 L. This van started with the three cylinder 1000 cc engine, but later received a Mercedes-Benz Diesel engine and finally was renamed a Mercedes-Benz in 1975.
In 1969 the DKW van was manufactured under licence by IASFe (Industrias Automotriz de Santa Fe) in Argentina, though for only one year, after producing the "Schnellaster" the previous 10 years, the factory had closed its doors, but IME (Industrias Mecánicas del Estado) continued its production as the Rastrojero Frontalito F 71 / SM 81 from 1969 until 1979 in Pickup, Minibus and Van versions.
The really exotic version is the DKW Electric version, with it's 4.8 KilloWatt motor and 10 8-volt -210 Amp hour lead-acid batteries. This design was used for example for power stations and in places where enviromently gas engines were not acceptable like East Frisian Islands.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|F 89 L (1949-1952)||F 89 L (1952-1954)||Typ 30 (1954-1955)||Typ 3, 3=6 (1955-1962)|
|Motor:||2-cylinder two-stroke engine lubricated by a mixture||3-cylinder two-stroke engine lubricated by a mixture|
|Cooling:||Thermosyphoning -water cooling|
|Engine Capacity:||688 cm³||792 cm³||896 cm³|
|Bore x Stroke:
|76 x 76||78 x 83||71 x 76|
|A Solex carburetors
Dynastart-system (starter, alternator, distributor combined) by Siba (from 1959 Bosch)
|Gearbox, Power:||3-speed gearbox, front-wheel drive||4-speed gearbox, front-wheel drive|
|Front Suspension::||On cross-bar and spring-suspended wheels, rack and pinion steering|
|Rear Suspension:||Crank axle, torsion suspension with leaf springs|
|Brakes:||Hydraulically operated Duplex-Trommelbremsen|
|Body:||Box-section frame with body|
|Fuel tank capacity:||30-32 Liter|
|Track front / rear:||1320/1390 mm, optionally with 3000 mm Wheelbase and 1490, 1590, oder 1690 mm rear|
|Wheelbase:||2500 mm (Bus)||either 2750 or 3000 mm|
|Turning circle:||13,25 m|
|Length:||3925 mm (Bus) bis 4455 mm(large-platform)|
|Curb weight:||1079 kg ((platform) bis 1161 kg (Bus)|
|Payload:||750 kg (Bus: 620 kg)|
|Maximum speed::||60 km/h (loaded)||70-80 km/h|
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